ALL ABOUT DOGS and CATS   Resource Center for Canine & Feline Lovers
Pet Health Articles
Treating Feline Tummy Troubles

By June Jackson
Every cat owner recognizes the warning signs of an
upset feline stomach: the mournful meow, gagging and
heaving retch. But in a flash, the cat seems to snap
back to good health while you're left scrubbing the
carpet.

The scenario is a familiar one for many cat owners. This
may happen every couple of months or so, but
otherwise, cats are perfectly healthy.
Although it's not a pleasant subject, vomiting is something cats seem to do almost on
cue. Many cat owners accept this as a natural part of owning a pet, but it doesn't
have to be that way. Knowing what triggers an upset stomach and what you can do
about it will make for a much better relationship with your cat.

When to Worry
Repeated vomiting should never be ignored because it can lead to dehydration. But,
since vomiting is common in cats, how do you know what's normal? "A general
guideline is that if the cat is vomiting one to three times a month, we consider this
'normal,'" says Daniel Carey, DVM, Port Charlotte, Florida.

He considers it serious if the vomiting occurs twice daily for two or three days. If your
cat stops eating, seems to have stomach pain, retches continuously or if there's blood
in the vomit, take it to a veterinarian. And, as always, if you're suspicious that a
lingering problem could be harmful to your pet, call your veterinarian. A visit to the
office can help relieve your cat's discomfort and your worries.

Why Cats Vomit
Many owners attribute their cat's vomiting to hairballs, but that's not the only culprit.
"It's careless to assume that most cases of vomiting in cats are due to hairballs," says
Dr. Carey. Other frequent causes of an upset stomach include:

•Eating too fast Cats sometimes eat too much, too fast. When the stomach wall
expands too quickly, a signal is sent to the brain to cause regurgitation. In these
cases, the mess on your floor is from regurgitation, not actual vomiting. When a cat
regurgitates, he brings up fluid and food from the esophagus by opening its mouth --
unlike vomiting, where there's gagging and retching. Regurgitated food is still formed,
and may smell fermented. "Cats that eat too quickly because they are gluttonous or
stressed by food bowl competition can regurgitate right after eating," says Dr. Carey.
But don't assume regurgitation is always a case of eating too fast. It could also be
caused by esophageal problems, obstruction of the digestive tract, hairballs or
dehydration. If you've forced your cat to eat slowly and it still has problems, contact a
veterinarian.
•Curiosity Grass, carpet and toilet paper are just a few things cats may digest and
later vomit. The vomiting is a protective mechanism -- nature's way of cleansing the
system. Sometimes, though, curiosity can lead to more serious problems. String, toy
parts and feathers are favorites of playful felines and can lodge in the stomach or
intestine, causing repeated vomiting and severe distress. If your cat exhibits these
symptoms, take it to a veterinarian immediately; surgery is often necessary to remove
the object.

Preventive Measures
Often, owners accept their pet's vomiting as a natural part of their behavior, but just
because cats seem to have more than their fair share of tummy troubles doesn't mean
you have to sit idly by.

One simple preventive measure is to get your fast-eating cat to slow down or to
simply eat less. Try these strategies: smaller portions, elevating your cat's food dish
slightly, or putting an object -- such as a ball -- into the dish. The cat will be forced to
eat around the ball, and thus slow down its intake. If you do this, make sure the ball
is clean and not so small that it could be swallowed. And you may need to feed cats in
a multiple-cat household at different times and places to reduce competitive eating.

If simple solutions don't work, watch your cat's eating behavior and reactions. Some
cat owners try changing their cat's diets. If you think your cat has allergies, see your
veterinarian, who can suggest the right formula for your cat.

Diet Matters
If you are changing your cat's diet, try these strategies to make sure this change is as
successful and comfortable as possible:

•Go slowly Make the transition gradually to allow your cat time to adjust. Make sure
the cat eats something every day. "A cat that quits eating suddenly can develop liver
problems."
•Add appeal Switching from canned to dry or vice versa should also be done gradually.
Many cats find canned food more palatable. If you switch to dry, add water and warm
it slightly for more appeal. Discard uneaten food after 20 minutes to prevent spoilage.
•Measure up How much should you feed? Your cat's age, gender, breed, activity level
and overall health need to be taken into consideration. Talk with your veterinarian,
then read the manufacturer's recommendations.
•Pay attention Beyond careful measuring, also regularly weigh your cat and adjust the
feeding amount accordingly after switching to a different food. Your cat may appear
happy if you overfeed him. But over time, it may become overweight.
With a little effort on your part, your beloved cat's tummy troubles can be a thing of
the past.

June Jackson is a freelance writer and writes often about pets. Her work can be seen
in magazines and newspapers nationwide.